Rabu, 11 Januari 2012

The Smart Internet: Current Research and Future Applications (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 6400)

Author: Mark Chignell, James Cordy, Joanna Ng, Yelena Yesha

The Smart Internet initiative has been spearheaded by IBM and aims to extend and transform the Web so that it is centered on the user, with the web as a "calm" platform ubiquitously providing cognitive support to its users and their tasks. The initiative is attended by two specific areas of research: Smart Interactions, which deal with factors that affect the discovery, aggregation and delivery of resources and content from the internet that concentrates on users and their tasks; and Smart Services, which addresses the enabling infrastructure to support smart interactions - their requirements, functions and relationships. This state-of-the-art survey is based on an NSERC Strategic Workshop on the Smart Internet (SITCON 2009), held in Markham, Canada as part of CASCON 2009 in November 2009. The chapters in this book underwent two rounds of reviewing, selection, and improvement to find their place in this volume, resulting in significant revisions and extensions based on the experts' advice. This volume represents a snapshot of current research and conceptualization of the Smart Internet; after some initial motivating chapters, it is concerned with two major research areas for enabling the Smart Internet, namely, Smart Interactions and Smart Services.

The History of Information Security: A Comprehensive Handbook

Author: Karl Maria Michael de Leeuw, Jan Bergstra

Information Security is usually achieved through a mix of technical, organizational and legal measures. These may include the application of cryptography, the hierarchical modeling of organizations in order to assure confidentiality, or the distribution of accountability and responsibility by law, among interested parties. The history of Information Security reaches back to ancient times and starts with the emergence of bureaucracy in administration and warfare. Some aspects, such as the interception of encrypted messages during World War II, have attracted huge attention, whereas other aspects have remained largely uncovered. There has never been any effort to write a comprehensive history. This is most unfortunate, because Information Security should be perceived as a set of communicating vessels, where technical innovations can make existing legal or organisational frame-works obsolete and a breakdown of political authority may cause an exclusive reliance on technical means.This book is intended as a first field-survey. It consists of twenty-eight contributions, written by experts in such diverse fields as computer science, law, or history and political science, dealing with episodes, organisations and technical developments that may considered to be exemplary or have played a key role in the development of this field.These include: the emergence of cryptology as a discipline during the Renaissance, the Black Chambers in 18th century Europe, the breaking of German military codes during World War II, the histories of the NSA and its Soviet counterparts and contemporary cryptology. Other subjects are: computer security standards, viruses and worms on the Internet, computer transparency and free software, computer crime, export regulations for encryption software and the privacy debate. - Interdisciplinary coverage of the history Information Security- Written by top experts in law, history, computer and information science- First comprehensive work in Information Security.

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